There’s a skills shortage in the IT sector and there are plenty of opportunities for those with the relevant qualifications or experience. In fact, plenty of industries are recruiting skilled IT specialists.

If you’re interested in a job in IT or working with computers, know a thing or two about them, and are looking for a new job, this could be the right choice for your career. As technology advances, new jobs for those with IT skills keep popping up across a number of different industries.

Before you choose which IT classes you’re going to take, you should have a look at the different jobs you can get and which computing skills you'll need in order to get someone to hire you.

Web Developer

A web developer creates digital programmes for their customers. Their role is to manage the project from start to finish. They need to be familiar with a number of different programming languages like Java, C++, Python, etc.

A customer might require maintenance of the programme after it’s been completed, too. It’s the job of an IT technician rather than a web developer to do this. However, the customer’s own IT department might not be suited to do this.

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How much do web developers earn?
How do you become a developer? (Source: Lorenzo Cafaro)

The number of web development roles have grown in recent years as well as the salaries they command and job perks. It’s one of the most searched jobs on LinkedIn.

Qualities required:

  • Discipline

  • Analytical skills

  • Diligence

  • Creativity

To become a web developer, you’ll need more than just an A Level in IT. In a lot of cases, you’ll probably need a degree. However, you can teach yourself (or learn with the assistance of a tutor) and prove yourself as a worthy candidate. If you’ve taken the academic route, you can even consider specialisation and further study. There are master’s degrees available if you’re really set on committing your future to the lucrative world of Information Technology.

If you’re struggling with your computer classes, don’t forget that there are private tutors available to help you. The more qualified you are, the higher the salary you can command and the sooner you’ll be a project leader.

Average Salary: £23,000/year.

Smarphone/Tablet App Developer

Developing apps has a bright future ahead of it. With this in mind, becoming a smartphone/tablet app developer is probably a very good idea. There are thousands of iOS and Android apps being created every day.

Which are the best degrees for app developers?
You'll probably need to study for a few years before you can create your own apps. (Source:

An app developer is in charge of the technical execution of an app. They can create a standalone app, adapt a website, or even optimise an existing app. In order to this, they’ll be expected to follow a design brief as well as having an understanding of data management.

It’s important to regularly test the app once it’s finished in order to check everything works.

Qualities required:

  • Discipline

  • Analytical skills

  • Curiosity

  • Teaching skills

  • Autonomy

Again, you’ll probably need a degree to do this. You’ll have to also have an understanding of one or several programming languages. However, nothing’s set in stone and there are several alternatives to the typical academic routes. You needn’t be satisfied with everything you learn at university (even if you go to one of the best ones in the country!).

Average Salary: £30,000/year.

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A webmaster’s role can vary massively depending on the company they work for. They can act as an IT technician, graphic designer, editor, or all of the above.

How do you become a webmaster?
A webmaster needs to know HTML (not pictured) in order to make changes to the site. (Source: Luis Gomes)

Before a website is launched, a webmaster’s role is to help build the site. They should therefore have a good understanding of HTML. They’ll also need to know a thing or two about computers, obviously. The webmaster might have to find and fix bugs before the site goes live. They’ll need to be on the lookout! They might also be tasked with the website’s content, editing, videos, photos, etc.

A good all-round knowledge can be useful. If they’re not in charge of editing, they might be expected to manage the editors and tell them what updates are necessary. You’ve probably got the picture by now. The most important thing a webmaster needs to be is adaptable!

Qualities required:

  • Adaptability

  • Analytical skills

  • Availability

  • Effectiveness

There are several qualifications available for those wanting to become a webmaster. However, academic training may not be enough. You should consider about studying more once you’ve finished your degree or supplementing your studies with private tutorials. Studying more about the business you’ll be working for would be also very handy.

Average salary: £30,000/year.

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Web Designer

Are you more creative than you are mathematical? Then you’re going to love the job of web designer!

How long does it take to become a web designer?
Web designers need to be artistic and technical. (Source: Daian Gan)

A web designer’s job is to create the visual identity of the brand’s website. Their job is to follow the design brief of the website. They’ll need a practical and creative mind since once the design brief is ready, it’s the web designer’s job to create the visuals and images that are going to give the website its look and feel.

The goal is to make the site visually attractive to potential visitors while ensuring that it remains functional. Web designers may even need to be familiar with the latest developments in e-marketing, e-commerce, smartphone compatibility, etc.

A web designer probably needs to be a master of Photoshop, Illustrator, and Illustrator as well as Flash and After Effects. They’ll need a knowledge of HTML and CSS to help them more easily work alongside the site’s developers.

Qualities required:

  • Organisation

  • Creativity

  • Autonomy

  • Diplomacy

To become a web designer, you’ll probably need to study digital design with IT or an IT subject with supplementary courses in digital design. You can also take these extra classes outside of university or even enlist the assistance of a private tutor for this. If you’ve just started on an IT degree, you can always work towards your specialisation with a postgraduate degree.

Average Salary: £23,000/year.

Search Engine Optimisation (SEO) Expert

SEO Experts are becoming increasingly sought-after. Their goal is to ensure that the customer’s website appears as one of the first results when searched for.

Can you study to become an SEO expert?
If you become an SEO expert, you're going to get pretty familiar with Google. (Source: Photo Mix)

To do this, they’ll need three main skills:

  • Technical skills in order to make the website perform better on search engines.

  • Editing skills in order to ensure that keywords appear in the articles

  • Social skills in order to arrange partnerships with other sites.

An SEO expert needs to be on top of things: they analyse statistics and then will be expected to suggest improvements to the site’s visibility.

Qualities required:

  • Teaching skills

  • Resistant to stress

  • Communication and networking skills

To become an SEO expert, you’ll probably need to combine studies in marketing and IT. You’ll need both sets of these skills as you’ll need to be able to evaluate problems and know the technical steps required to fix them.

While there aren't many options for directly studying SEO, you don't need to worry! You can learn so much about it on the job! There are also a lot of resources available for those wanting to learn more about the field.

Average salary: £23,000/year.

If you’re already an expert, why not consider giving private tutorials online?

Digital Project Manager

More manager than IT technician, the digital project manager’s job is to manage a team of developers. They’ll therefore be expected to know how to manage people and prioritise tasks. It’s their job to ensure that the design brief is being met and that the people employed are being used effectively and are right for the job. Their job is to delegate tasks to the team.

Which are the best project management courses?
Digital project managers need to be used to working with teams. (Source:

Their job may also include managing the budget for the project and avoiding any delays and meeting deadlines. They’ll ensure that their team remains motivated and that every member has the information they need to do their job. They might even be expected to manage several projects at once. They’ll need to be able to make important decisions.

Qualities required:

  • Diligence

  • Communication skills

  • Organisation

  • Pragmatism

  • Open-mindedness

Many companies ask that their project managers have at least a master’s degree in an appropriate field and decent administrative skills. A project manager will also need a lot of experience in managing teams. There aren’t many options to study project management directly. You’ll need to work hard for these kinds of competitive positions.

Average salary: £30,000/year.

If you want to teach IT, you should keep in mind that there are plenty of degrees and qualifications you can do.

In short:

  • Not all IT jobs require that you know how to programme computers. You might need to lead a project, edit content, or even just manage a team. You need to be adaptable if you’re desperate to work in IT.

  • You can always learn IT skills outside of schooling with a private tutor or even on the job. Businesses value experience just as much as they do qualifications.

  • Whether you want to become a Java developer, systems administrator, IT consultant, or app developer, you’ll need to make sure you have the right training and skills.

  • Jobs in IT aren’t going anywhere soon so choosing one of them is a safe bet.

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