Because of the extensive historical, cultural links between England and the United States and their effect on its people, Americans of English origin are frequently recognized and identified as "American."
It may be due to the initial establishment of British settlers and non-English groups to build significant populations compared to ethnicities of other European roots.
Since the formation of the U.S, English-Americans have become less prone to declare their history in the face of an increase in ethnic and cultural pride among Irish Americans, African Americans, Polish Americans, Italian Americans, German Americans, and several other ethnic groups.
Although there may be several explanations, many people cannot pinpoint a distinct English origin following centuries of internal geographic migration and marriages.
For such factors, no other aspect of pluralist American culture is as hard to define as a distinct entity as the English.
Because the bulk of the early colonists was Anglo, English Americans were and continue to be an unseen ethnic community.
Irish American history month talks about the exact opposite issue, however.
History Of English Americans
In 1607, English colonization in America started with the establishment of Jamestown in the Colony Of Virginia.
Then, under the command of Christopher Newport, who the London Company recruited to conduct expeditions to what now became America, three ships (The God Speed, The Discovery, and The Susan Constant) sailed from England.
They arrived in April at Cape Henry with the approval of James I.
Plymouth Colony, founded in 1620 by individuals who became recognized as the Pilgrims, was the second big colony.
They fled to Holland after escaping religious intolerance in the Eastern Midlands of England, yet they were afraid of losing their British heritage.
As a result, they elected to migrate to the New World, having English capitalists funding their expedition. During September 1620 November, 102 people boarded the Mayflower and arrived in Plymouth Colony.
This narrative has become a fundamental component of the cultural heritage of the United States.
Most English colonies were formed after peculiar governors, elected by the British joint-stock corporations under commercial charters to create and operate towns.
In 1664, England also acquired over the Dutch province of New Netherland (along with New Amsterdam), dubbing it New York's region.
Afterward, the British dominated the old New Sweden (which now has become Delaware) and the Netherland. Moreover, it became a part of the state of Pennsylvania.
The Thirteen British Colonies
In 1776, thirteen British colonies merged to become the United States. Most of these colonies had been in existence for almost over a century, notably Virginia's first colony, which was established in 1607.
The Connecticut Colony was among the first thirteen colonies situated on North America's Atlantic coast. Later on, the thirteen colonies were split into three different geographic areas: Middle, Southern, and New England colonies.
On the other hand, this colony was categorized as a New England colony. This colony lasted from 1639 to 1776.
However, Connecticut became the state of the United States after uniting all the other twelve colonies in revolt against Great Britain.
The Delaware Colony was located on the Delaware River Bay's west bank in the North American Middle Colonies.
The area was occupied by the Lenape and probably the Native Americans ' Assateague tribes dating from the early 17th century.
The earliest European inhabitants were Swedes, who founded the colony New Sweden in 1638 at Fort Christina in Wilmington.
The Colony of Virginia, partially privatized in 1606 and established in 1607, was the first abiding English colony in North America.
Established in 1632, the Maryland Colony was the safest haven for the refugees for the English Catholics, who escaped from the anti-Catholic violence that occurred in Europe.
The second Baron Baltimore, Cecil Calvert, founded the colony. Moreover, St Mary's City was the first-ever settlement that happened in the Maryland colony.
But, on the other hand, the Maryland colony was established to ensure religious liberty for every Trinitarian Christian in the New World.
Georgia Colony was among British America's southern colonies. This was the thirteenth, and one of the last thirteen American colonies were founded by Great Britain, now the United States.
The initial concession spanned a thin layer of the region all the way to the Pacific Ocean.
On April 21, 1732, General James Oglethorpe was awarded the colony's corporate charter by George II, named in honor settlement was titled. On June 9, 1732, the King's privy council approved the pact.
Massachusetts Bay Colony was a 17th-century British outpost in Massachusetts. It was New England's most prosperous colony.
Moreover, the Massachusetts colony was established as a charter colony.
Thus, it indicated that the colonists formed the colony's government, and the province was permitted to self-govern until its laws were consistent, like England.
The Massachusetts Bay Company, which was firmly Puritan, was doing business as the New England Company for several years in the New World.
The corporation was renamed the Massachusetts Bay Company after the tribe of Massachusetts Indians who resided in New England.
On March 4, 1629, Charles I issued the corporation a charter to formally participate in commerce in New England.
New York Colony
The New York colony was founded between 1664 to 1776. It was a British private colony and a British crown colony on North America's northeast coast.
As among the Thirteen Middle Colonies, New York obtained freedom and collaborated to establish the United States.
New Jersey Colony
The New Jersey colony was among Colonial America's Middle colonies, and in 1783, it became the state of the United States of America.
Furthermore, the Europeans founded the New Jersey colony as New Netherland's part; however, it became a proprietary colony of the English rule in 1664 after Fort Amsterdam's surrender.
North Carolina Colony
From 1712 until 1776, the North Carolina colony existed in North America as a British province. It was among the thirteen American colonies and was among the five Southern colonies.
However, until the colonies proclaimed independence on the 4th of July, 1776, the King of Great Britain was represented by North Carolina's governor.
New Hampshire Colony
New Hampshire was created in 1623 as being among the thirteen founding colonies of the United States.
Captain John Mason was awarded property in the New World, and he called the new colony after his hometown in Hampshire Town, England.
Mason dispatched immigrants to the new region to establish a fishing colony.
He died, however, before visiting the location where he had invested a significant amount of money creating settlements and defenses.
Rhode Island Colony
The Rhode Island Colony was among the thirteen original colonies formed on America's east coast, surrounding the Atlantic Ocean, founded by Roger Williams.
From 1636 until 1707, the Rhode Island colony was an English colony till the American Revolution in 1776, which now has become the U.S state of Rhode Island.
The Narragansett Indians lived on the territory that became the English colony, giving rise to the contemporary town of Narragansett, Rhode Island.
Around 1622, European colonization began with establishing a trading station at Sowams, which is today the town of Warren in Rhode Island.
The Colony of Pennsylvania was an English North American colony established in 1681 by William Penn after acquiring a land grant from England's Charles II.
Pennsylvania ("Penn's Woods") is named after the father of William, Admiral Sir William Penn.
The Pennsylvania Colony was among the two significant Restoration colonies.
The charter of the proprietary colony came under the Penn family's hands until the American Revolution, when the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania was formed and became part of the thirteen colonies.
South Carolina Colony
The British established the Colony of South Carolina in 1663, which was among the thirteen original colonies.
The eight nobles, along with King Charles II's Royal Charter, founded the colony. Moreover, it was among the Southern Colonies' group, including Virginia, Maryland, North Carolina, and Georgia.
South Carolina became among the wealthiest early colonies because of tobacco, rice, indigo dye, and cotton exports.
Why Were The Colonies Made?
To fight against the Spanish and increase the British Empire, Queen Elizabeth decided to make various colonies in America.
The English expected to create more job opportunities, create wealth, and trade routes along the Americas' coast. However, every colony has its distinct history.
On the other hand, many religious groups or leaders established some of these colonies to find spiritual independence: Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Maryland, Connecticut, and Pennsylvania.
However, the remaining colonies were established only for gaining profits to invest and better trade opportunities.
Influence Of The British On American Food Culture
The British culture highly influences a large part of American food culture. Let's take a look!
During Italian American history month, the main focus seems to be on Italian American food history.
Similarly, various cuisines were cooked in the thirteen English colonies and are now a big part of America's culture.
Starting in 1620, New England was the first territory to see massive English colonization, and it was ruled by East Anglian Calvinists, widely regarded as the Puritans.
Baking was one of the favorite things for the Britishers, and it was the source of meals that are now considered genuinely American, such as roasted turkey and apple pie.
You must have heard the phrase "As American as apple pie" to describe anything uniquely American.
The second wave of English colonists began coming to North America in mid 17th century, mainly residing in the Maryland and Virginia's Chesapeake Bay region of Virginia, building on the Jamestown colony.
From there, the roasted beef became popular. Moreover, the delicious cuisine was frequently served with horseradish sauce and Yorkshire puddings there. (French people loathed it.)
Learn With Superprof
Do you know 716,260 British ex-pats live in the US? This indicates that English Americans have been residing in the United States for a long time.
They started to live in the country from around 1600 and made thirteen colonies, which later became the American states.
If you are interested in the Polish American history month or the U.S.'s history in general, head to Superprof.
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