George Cantor once stated:

"The essence of mathematics lies in its freedom."

And if you look closely, you will realize that this is true not just on the theoretical level but also on the practical level. Mathematics has invaded each and every part of human life. Maths and science governs the most basic as well as one the most complicated laws of this universe.

Technology is booming, and exciting new innovations are made in it everyday thanks to maths. Ground-breaking studies are being carried out to improve human life, health, transportation, agriculture, economics, education, etc., all because of the power of numbers and math education.

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A few graphs and calculations on a screen depicting stock trends
Whether you want to try your luck on Wallstreet or wish to pursue your dream job — a math degree can help you make sense of a variety of concepts and techniques. Even if you stay home, look after the house and care for the family, math knowledge will come in handy when managing groceries, handling food, etc. In short, math is literally involved everywhere (Source: Pixabay)

If you love mingling with numbers, you will easily find high-paying jobs in this data-driven economy. The skills you develop as a mathematics undergraduate will make you eligible for several professional institutes.

Even if mathematics is not directly needed for the core functions of an organization of a company, they will still require number-crunching abilities of mathematicians to survive in 21st century.

Mathematics form the basis of many degrees, which means that an undergrad degree in mathematics will enable you to pursue a career in anything from computer science to accounting, from teaching to astronomy, and so on.

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How To Make A Career In Mathematics

To be a mathematician requires a lot of practice, time, and effort; it’s a demanding yet beneficial trade.

Furthermore, there are a vast number of jobs you can get with a math degree. Major companies are continually on the lookout for people with strong mathematical skills.

However, mathematicians are divided further into two kinds:

  • Theoretical
  • Practical

Choose theoretical maths if you aim to emphasize philosophy and the study of maths. In contrast, applied maths will allow you to utilize your mathematical abilities in areas like engineering, physics, and more.

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If you sincerely want to be a mathematician, the first thing that you have to do is to ponder whether the profession matches your skillset and interest.

Here’s a quick checklist to determine whether you’re ready to pursue a math degree:

  • Mathematical techniques and theories intrigue you
  • You’ve got an innate ability to think logically and analytically
  • Solving complicated problems is enticing for you
  • You have experience with linear algebra, geometry, statistics, probability, calculus, and various other mathematical branches
  • You know what methods and tools to rely on when solving a complex mathematical problem

If the answer to each point in the checklist is positive, you have a mathematician inside you just waiting to flourish!

Hence, to be an expert mathematician, you may have to do a Ph.D. in any area of mathematics. However, the particular conditions vary because of these factors:

  • On-the-job responsibilities
  • The industry: private or public
  • Choosing between applied or theoretical mathematics

In mathematics, grades are also equally important. So, if you’re facing difficulty understanding different concepts and problems, enlist the help of a private math tutor.

Furthermore, you won’t even have to worry about getting a job after graduation. This is because there is a long line of employers for jobs that require a math degree.

Want To Teach Math As A Career?

A math teacher goes through a list of algorithms for a computer-based class
Let’s admit it: maths degree is arguably one of the most sought-after STEM degrees in the world market. There are plenty of jobs you can get with a math degree; these include an economist, stockbroker, and insurance underwriter. Employers are actively seeking standout math graduates around the world and usually offer a progressive pay package (Source: Unsplash)

Though there are several options for math degree careers to choose from, teaching is arguably one of the better-known ones.

Every primary and middle school requires math teachers for all levels – a gap you can fill if you enjoy being on the other side of the classroom.

Hence, the profession is perfect for you if you exhibit teaching skills. You must also be nurturing, helpful, and accommodating.

Albeit, it's important to remember that a formal teaching qualification is required in most countries before you apply for employment at an institution. This can be easily obtained in a year.

Universities, on the other hand, recruit postgraduate students with areas of specialization. And apart from teaching, you can also pursue your academic research simultaneously.

On the contrary, to teach math in school, you’ll require mathematical understanding and the knowledge of instructional practices.

As a school math teacher, your job will be to utilize math facts, methods, procedures, concepts to teach pupils effectively.

In addition to that, you should have a basic understanding of how learners behave and study in the class.

Also, you must develop know-how of how students grasp different mathematical concepts and employ their thought processes for problem-solving.

This is a formidable career path to embark on, especially considering that the need for mathematics teachers is growing exponentially. Secondary school maths teachers earn an average of $61416.11.

The minimum teaching requirement for maths at a secondary school is a bachelor's in maths, statistics, or any other related field. However, the condition may vary based on schools.

Being a mathematics teacher, you must have solid concepts of basic maths. Additionally, the lessons you give should develop problem-solving skills among students.

Also, making links between theoretical mathematics and real-life applications is essential to motivate the students.

Lastly, teaching isn’t your only option; there are numerous other math bachelor's degree jobs you can apply for. And to become a shoo-in for either, join Superprof!

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Maths Required To Crack GMAT Exam

A math tutor teaches their student how to ace the GMAT exam with no trouble
You can get your desired job with a math degree; however, this can also be a stepping stone towards higher education as well. To get into your favorite business school, you’ll have to ace the GMAT exam with good scores, which you can only do if your maths skills are impressive. Since the GMAT is primarily based on maths, you should have adequate first-hand knowledge of maths concepts, problems, and formulas (Source: Unsplash)

There are many jobs with a math degree you can pursue. These range from finance, banking, accounting, and computer science to cryptography, engineering, and of course, teaching.

But if you don’t want to teach maths to students and want to study further, especially in a management program, you’ll have to pass the “Graduate Management Admission Test” GMAT.

This qualification is a must-have requirement for anyone looking to get into the best business schools worldwide.

Keep in mind that it isn’t necessary for every graduate business school to ask for a GMAT score. Although if you have one, it will improve your odds of getting into your first-choice school.

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The GMAT exam focuses on four critical skills, which are:

  • Analytical Writing
  • Quantitative Reasoning
  • Verbal Reasoning
  • Interrogated Reasoning

Now, the GMAT exam doesn’t just check your math knowledge; the mathematics section in the GMAT is restricted to 200-800 of the total score.

Furthermore, it relies on computerized adaptive testing (CAT), which means the difficulty level of the following query will largely depend on your answer to the previous question.

Though all sections in the GMAT exam are essential and require similar preparation, the Quantitative Section, which tests mathematical abilities, is what makes the GMAT.

Many students fear this portion of the exam. However, cracking it is easy if you have the confidence and experience of solving even the most complicated math problems.

The GMAT Math Portions

This GMAT segment has two portions:

  • Problem Solving
  • Data Sufficiency

Acing this section isn’t hard, provided you have a good understanding of fundamental mathematics and equations.

It tests at the secondary-school level; hence, some of your old textbooks may be enough to help prepare you for the GMAT exam.

Otherwise, you will need the help of a professional to re-acclimatize yourself with this level. Also, if you learn all formulas and equations by heart, it will save you enough time.

Critical thinking with problem-solving abilities is what you’ll need for GMAT’s quantitative section. In addition, it requires an improved grasp on various topics such as:

  • Proportions
  • Geometry
  • Sets
  • Arithmetic
  • Area
  • Algebra
  • Circumference

Alongside a blend of critical reasoning, knowing these basics will help solve even the most challenging GMAT questions, no matter the section.

Remember, luck favors people who work hard! So, put everything you have in your GMAT preparation, and you’ll succeed with flying colors!

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Davayne
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Employability Skills

A math student works on their communication skills during a presentation
Having a good understanding of basic maths is essential for all math degree jobs. However, there are other things that employers look for in a candidate other than the degree. This includes work experience, management abilities, customer and business awareness, and communication skills (Source: Unsplash)

What are the most important things employers look for in a recent graduate? Many professional companies and organizations worldwide look for the following factors when recruiting an employee.

  • Positive attitude
  • Work experience, if any
  • Degree subject
  • And, last but most important, employability skills

But what exactly are employability skills? Here’s a list of abilities that employers seek besides the degree:

Self-Management

This refers to an employee's readiness to take responsibility, manage time, and exude flexibility. Apart from that, it also refers to an employee’s ability to improve their performance based on feedback.

Team Working

The employee should be cooperating and accomodating. Also, they should respect others and contribute to meetings and discussions.

Customer And Business Awareness

They should have fundamental know-how of the main factors that drive businesses ahead of their competitors.

Alongside that, they must also display an innate ability to offer customer satisfaction.

Problem-Solving

They should be adept at analyzing circumstances and data sets. The results from their research must also be actionable.

Moreover, they should be able to implement critical thinking to create the right solutions.

Literacy And Communication

They must have the skill to produce structured, precise written work. In addition to that, they should have advanced oral literacy, whereby they should be able to question and listen.

Numeracy Skills

Being a mathematician, you must understand numbers and how to manipulate and apply them in practical circumstances.

Information Tech Abilities

Programming abilities are also highly crucial to several maths degree jobs. Therefore, math graduates with good programming abilities are highly sought-after.

However, if you don’t know anything about programming, you may find a position that can teach you on the side.

Apart from programming, other information tech skills such as Word and Excel are also vital to learn.

Mathematician Skills

Knowledge developed as a maths student teaches a person to work and apply their skills within some limited constraints put forth by mathematical theorem and laws. A degree in Maths tutors students and imparts in them a “numerical literacy.” The students can get more familiarity and understanding when they learn to speak the language of mathematics and use it as much as possible.

The core aim of a maths degree is to empower the students and help them develop strong analytical and logical thinking abilities. Logical progression governs all kinds of mathematical solutions, whether they are related to simple algebra or complicated calculations in the application of calculus.

Maths graduates looking for getting a job and a chance to apply their skills in a mathematical setting must possess a great working knowledge of all the mathematical systems along with the most intuitive, logical, and analytical solutions to eliminate problems.

Math graduates break free from the scope of studies limited to just solving equations and doing questions, and they level-up to a point where their maths expand beyond text books and problems.

They are equipped with expertise of applying their logical thinking to come up with feasible and optimized solutions for problems that are found in practical life.

One of the key skills recruiters search for, in a graduate student of mathematics, is modeling .Modeling enables mathematicians to come up with solution of problems which are multi-faced and very complex.

Potential math graduates learn to make use of proofs in order to disapprove or prove scientific or mathematical arguments and phenomena.

They master the art of deconstructing logic, line by line reconstructing it into an amalgam of other mathematical models, reasoning, formulas, theories, proofs, theorems, and figures and modify it to come up with a tangible solution for a prevailing problem.

Search for a good math tutor near me here.

Learn Maths with a Maths tutor to get great Graduate Jobs
Maths require good amount of thinking (Photo via Visual hunt)

The skills of coming up with coherent, logical, analytic mathematical arguments is the one which most maths graduates will find themselves employing in the years after their undergraduate studies.

Skills And Knowledge In A Nutshell

Studying math will help you develop some necessary arithmetic skills. These are added to several other transferrable abilities that employers seek in a maths graduate. Some of them are:

  • Analytical and investigative skills to work with huge datasets, determining patterns, and reaching conclusions
  • Improved problem-solving skills through regularly developing solutions for abstract, real-life, and complicated problems
  • The ability to visualize complex physical situations and understand the broader perspective in applied maths
  • Using various data-based tools such as Excel for numerical analysis, optimization, and modeling and Word for producing professional reports
  • Being well-versed with the usage of math software packages like Python and R, etc.
  • Effective verbal skills developed through routine oral presentations and group projects
  • The ability to collaborate in a team, contributing to case studies and group projects
  • Time management abilities that come with organizing and designing an academic work-load and planning and executing research projects

What Maths Jobs Are Available To Graduates?

Now let’s have a look at the top ten jobs suitable for people who love maths and are going to pursue a career in it!

10 Best Job Options For Maths Graduates

Economist

Average basic Salary = $48921.29

Economists are responsible for studying and analyzing the effects of resources of a county or an organization. The resources could be anything from land, labor, raw materials, etc. Their job is to find out the relation of these resources and their effects on cost and how they affect an industry and government. Financial mathematics is what they deploy in their job.

Stockbroker

Average basic Salary = $41579.70 to $124739.10

Stockbrokers are the people behind the buying and selling of stocks in stock exchange. The purchase and selling of stocks, mutual bonds, and other securities for all kinds of clients is facilitated by stockbrokers.

Maths Professors

Average basic Salary = $90574.45

Maths tutors as professors usually serve in a university and are responsible for teaching students. They might also be responsible for conducting some research projects inside universities. One can either be a maths lecturer or a mathematics teacher depending upon his level of maths education.

Discover more jobs you could get as a professional mathematician.

Insurance Underwriter

Average basic Salary = $36777.76

They are responsible for assessing and analyzing the potential risks that may affect insuring potential policyholders.

Accountant

Average basic Salary = $36033.53 to $69295.25

Accountants assist business managers, industry managers, and managers in government by preparing and analyzing financial reports.

Astronomer

Average basic Salary = $18016.76 to $83154.30

They conduct studies using the principles of mathematics and physics in order to understand this universe better.

Actuary

Average basic salary = $45492.33

Actuaries study, analyze, and model large amounts of data and interpret statistics that help them to figure out the probabilities of occurrences of certain events such as accidents, storms, sickness, deaths, loss of property, etc.

Financial Planner

Average basic Salary = from $30489.91 to $41577.15

Financial Planners help in money management and other monetary tasks such as insurance, assets, investments, etc.

Statistician

Average basic Salary = $43926.18

The numerical data that is gathered through experiments and surveys is tabulated, analyzed, and interpreted by statisticians.

Meteorologist

Average basic Salary = $27719.80

They study and interpret the motion and physical characteristics of elements as well as natural events on earth along with other earth-related processes.

The list does not end here. There are several more opportunities that are not as famous and mainstream as the ones mentioned above, but they are also equally rewarding in terms of work environment and salary. Let’s discuss those below:

Computer System Analyst

Computer system analysts are responsible for optimizing the needs of users and customers of an organization by improving their computer systems. They do a lot of requirement gathering from the people who are directly involved with the use of the computer systems work, and they determine how and why the IT system in an organization makes the businesses run more feasibly and effectively.

Most students need only an undergraduate degree having courses related to information sciences in order to qualify for a job as computer system analyst

Database Administrator

Large public and private organizations use large amount of data which is organized, protected, and stored in computer databases. Data administrators are responsible for maintaining, controlling, and improving the computer systems which store the databases. They constantly interact with the users of the databases to make modifications and improvements, and they also create new databases whenever there is need for one

Mathematician

Mathematicians are solely responsible for carrying out extensive research in Mathematics in order to understand mathematical principles and how they can be used in real world applications. They can work as researchers in either a university or under a government or private sector.

The minimum requirement to be eligible for a mathematics researcher is at least a master’s degree.

Operation Research Analyst

As an operation research analyst, you will be using your advanced mathematical and analytical skills to support an organization in its investigation issues and help it to solve various problems.

You can get in with just a bachelor’s degree but a higher degree is preferable by recruiters

Logistician

The analysis and coordination of a company’s supply chain is under logistician. They keep a track of the process of supplying a product from supplier to the consumer. The entire life cycle of product, from its acquirement, distribution, allocation to delivery is managed by logistician. A bachelor in mathematics will enable you for this post.

Book Keeper

Bookkeepers use spreadsheets along with bookkeeping software and management systems to record financial transactions, check financial records, and update statements.

Additional Important Skills For A Career In Maths

Your value as a mathematician will double if you possess working knowledge of some computer skills and programming languages such as html, CSS, java, C++, etc. Mathematics is used in a lot of other fields, especially those related to Computer science and software engineering.

Mathematical courses like probability and statistics, Linear Algebra, Discrete Mathematics, Partial Differential Equations, Mathematical Physics, Algorithm Analysis, and Calculus make up the core subjects of Computer related degrees as well as science and engineering.

Even if you don’t actually want to pursue a career in computer science, just the attainment of these skills will make your resume highly valuable to recruiters and will open your door to many opportunities.

Two people shaking hands to ascertain a confirmation
Whether it's economics, business, accounts, or whatever discipline you want to pursue, having a math background leverages your position over other candidates. To put it simply, there are a variety of opportunities for those who have majored in mathematics (Source: Pixabay)

In case you love mathematics but want to pursue a career as an engineer, lawyer, or doctor, you will have an edge over those students who don’t even like the idea of maths. 

You will be able to use your mathematical skills to ace in these fields because almost every field today involves Mathematics.

Whether you opt for a purely mathematical career or any other career which simply makes use of mathematical concepts, you can still expect a higher level of job satisfaction.

Mathematicians usually leave engineers, doctors, lawyers, etc., behind in terms of how rewarding this career can be. Looking in the long term, this field is expected to grow even more instead of fading away, which means that the skills you acquire today will benefit you for decades!

Thinking about going to business school? Most schools offering these degrees require entrance test exams such as GRE or GMAT.

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