Where did chess come from? According to what history tells us, it was invented in North India about 1500 years ago. Then, it spread all over the Asian continent and traveled across Europe.
There are several other stories floating around about the invention of the game. For example, some people believe that it was originated in the sixth century in India.
On the other hand, according to a legend, chess was conceived by a Chinese commander, Hán Xin, in around 200 B.C. The game symbolized an actual battle of the time.
It was a significant battle in Chinese history, but once the war was over and everything calmed down, the Chinese people forgot all about chess.
However, the game emerged again, but it was not the Chinese who were playing it. Hence, chess had been revised, and there are many new rules introduced.
If you want to learn more about these rules, read on:
The Elephant Game
The Chinese had named the game "elephant game," which is "XiangQi" in Chinese. This elephant game is still alive but is very different from modern chess.
For example, the elephant game has a board different from the traditional chessboard, and the pieces in the chess and elephant game also differ.
Eventually, the Persian people altered the game by changing the board and pieces and created modern chess.
Chess, A Game
Chess is the most famous board game in the world. People in some parts of the country even consider it part of their tradition.
This comes from the fact that playing chess accompanies several physical and mental benefits alongside being a good pastime.
Therefore, no matter which country you are in, you would see people playing the game in their houses, libraries, bars, restaurants, and parks.
Is Chess Considered A Sport?
Yes, it is. It is a sport that does not require athletic ability, but those who play chess in international competitions maintain their physical form to be able to last long games.
Furthermore, the International Olympic Committee has declared chess a sport. However, some people do consider it more of an art.
Why Play Chess?
People devote years to refining their chess strategies. And one of the benefits of doing this is that it helps bolster your mental capabilities.
Playing chess requires unwavering focus and intense intellectual power. It involves logic and the ability to rationalize while staying calm.
And these are all characteristics that come in handy at every point in our lives.
How To Play Chess?
Chess games for the brain help you strengthen your focus and concentration, which as a result, makes you smarter.
Therefore, those who play chess regularly exhibit better decision-making powers than others.
Let's discuss popular chess techniques and the procedure to play in nine simple steps.:
When starting your chess game, the first thing to do is set up the chessboard by placing the pieces in the right place. It's also essential to set the board at the right angle.
Both players must sit at an angle with a white square near their right-hand side, and do not forget to place the queen on the matching square.
Now is the time to take a turn. Of course, chess players take turns one after the other, just like any other ordinary board game.
But unlike the other games, which do not imply restrictions on who takes the first turn, in chess, the white pieces always move first!
Moreover, though the turns are alternatively played, a player can move multiple pieces during one turn when castling.
A player can take the chess pieces of the opponent player while taking turns. If a piece of the opponent player comes in the path of the player taking the turn, he can attack it and take it out of the board.
Remember, a player can never pick their piece up off the board.
The second step to playing a chess game is to focus on pawn movements. The pawns are the weakest piece but also the most in number. It represents the armed peasants, soldiers, infantry, or pikemen.
Each player has eight pawns set on the front line, and they can only move straight. In the beginning, it can move up to two spaces, but the following moves will only allow the pawn to advance one square.
Finally, you can only move a pawn diagonally if it is to kill your opponent's piece.
A pawn is promoted and given a higher rank once it reaches the other side of the board without getting attacked.
This higher rank still holds a lower value than the King. Every pawn you have can be promoted, and there is no restriction on the number of pawns that can be promoted in the rules of playing chess.
The third step in chess is to use the rook. It is one of those pieces that looks like a castle. Moreover, it was formerly called marquess, rector, or a tower.
It represents a protective wall that is placed on the sides to protect the royal pieces. Furthermore, rooks can only move to the front, back, and sideways.
The fourth step in the line is to bring forth the knights. All the pieces on the chessboard are blocked except for the knights.
These pieces can jump and claim the position they want to on the board. But there are rules to move the knight on the board.
Remember, the knight can only move in an L-shape. So whenever you have to make this move, you subconsciously draw the pattern on the board to plan your move.
It moves two places frontward, backward, or sideways, but it only moves up to one space when it takes a right turn.
The fifth step is to get the bishop moving. It can be moved in any direction but within the diagonal lines.
The sixth step is to bring in the queen. There are only two queens on a chessboard, a white one and a black one so, each player gets one.
The queen is the most powerful among the other chessmen. Therefore, there is much resemblance between the King and Queen. However, the King usually has a cross on his head, and the queen wears a crown.
The white queen is placed on the white square and the black queen on the black.
This is where the King steps in. The King in the chess game is the most crucial piece of all; there are no restrictions on how they move.
It can go in any direction, except an area on the board that the opponent has taken up through attacks. But, it can only move to one space at a time.
When the King is under the threat of falling, it is deemed to be in check. Therefore, the player needs to focus on their King and provide protection as soon as possible.
Otherwise, it will fall, and the player will lose the game.
This step is about a special move called castling. This is when a player can get two turns altogether.
It allows you to move two pieces on the board, one after the other, without waiting for your opponent to take a turn.
And when moving, the King is placed near the rook by moving up to two spaces. This rook will protect the King from falling by jumping towards the other side.
The King will stay under the rook's protection until it has not moved. However, it is threatened when a piece is placed between the castle, the rook, and the King. This will happen if the rook is moved.
Remember, the King being in the check is problematic, but it makes no difference once the threat is taken care of and the King is no longer in check.
Unfortunately, you can do nothing if your rook has fallen before castling – something pro players are usually wary of.
The next move is known as En passant. This move is for the pawns. This can also only be done to attack your opponent's pawns.
You can get this opportunity if your opponent's pawn has moved up to two spaces and has occupied the space beside your pawn. Then, you can eliminate it by moving yours diagonally forward.
Also, when an opponent places their pieces near your King, to a spot where it can make its attack, you should be alarmed and proceed to place protection.
To win a game, you must attack the opponent's King. When a king is attacked, it is called checkmate, which is the last move in the game.
Sometimes, the game is a draw. For example, if you and your opponent are also stuck in the game, where there are no viable moves left to make, the game is declared a draw.
This has often happened at international tournaments, resulting in astonishing moments.
Learn Chess With An Expert
Chess is sometimes confusing for beginners. However, even those that have been playing for decades can be dumbfounded by an unfamiliar move.
But if you go through our guide and remember what each piece can or can't go, you can successfully predict your opponent's moves.
And if you are motivated to reach the next level and be spoken of in the same air as Gerry Kasparov, you may want to hire a private instructor.
And where better to find an instructor than Superprof? Superprof is the one-stop-shop for tutors teaching anything.
All you have to do is sign up, plug in your preferences, and choose an instructor near you!
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