The Rubik cube is a toy and puzzle that has six sides, and each side has one color. Originally, the colors of the cube are red, green, yellow, orange, blue, or white and each side has nine colored squares.

The key to solving the puzzle is to twist the cubes and eventually have each side with only one color. It might seem simple but the true challenge is that the cube has an astounding number of potential variations — more than 43 quintillions of them.

To find the solution to a cube you must learn a specific sequence of movements that have to be performed in successive order. There are so many possible combinations that it has become the subject of several best-selling books and online tutorials.

Many are interested in solving a Rubik cube and they take courses or view online tutorials, and there are even private tutors who offer lessons. You can look for Rubik's cubes tutors right here on Superprof.

If you want you can search for tutors in your area who can teach you the different ways and strategies to solve the cube. Or, if you prefer, you can also look for online classes. Some tend to choose Google as their learning tool, however, not all the information that a tutor can give you is available on Google!

Continue reading this article if you are interested in learning about the creation of the Rubik cube and why it remains such a popular toy across the world.

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Who invented the Rubik cube?

The Rubik cube was invented in 1974 by Erno Rubik, a Hungarian sculptor, architect, and architecture teacher. Erno wanted to teach his students about three-dimensional movement.

He first started creating models with cubes made of paper and wood. He would join them with rubber bands and eventually end up with the prototype, the Magic Cube. Then he later renamed the Magic Cube into what we know now, the Rubik Cube.

He then created other games like Rubik's Magic, Rubik's Magic: Master Edition, and Rubik's Snake.

Erno Rubik is famous for creating the cube but his work goes beyond just the creation of this toy. He always inclined toward education and he started to get involved with science education after his invention.

Glow in the dark Rubik cube

To figure out how to do a cube you don't need to check the theory of the artifact, but you do need to learn what are the pieces called and how to move them properly. Foto de Aaron Boris en Unsplash

He worked to create several organizations such as Beyond Rubik's Cube, the Rubik Learning Initiative, and the Judit Polgar Foundation all of whose aim is to engage students in science, mathematics, and problem-solving at a young age.

Rubik has always talked about how stunned he is by the huge success the cubes have. All he tried to do was solve a puzzle and he never imagine he created one of the most famous toys in the world. From his original invention, many variations and designs have been created and there are plenty of different types of cubes.

He explains how for him the impact of the cube is "much more interesting than the cube itself" in his book called Cubed: The Puzzle of Us All. He initially believed that it would appeal to people interested in sciences, math, technology, or engineering. However, the cube appealed to all audiences, people of all backgrounds, and it quickly became universal.

Rubik is now 78 years old and continues involved in his education projects.

The rise of the Rubik cube after its invention

The cube was invented in 1974 and already by 1980 it had worldwide mass production. Rubik worked hard to improve the initial prototype to make it more universal, portable, and attractive.

What is most interesting about the phenomenon that is the Rubik cube is that it managed to transcend age, borders, and culture just one decade after its invention.

As is with everything, the Rubik cube wasn't an overnight success. It took more than a year to create an image of the toy and look for ways to sell it as a game. Its design and mechanism are what made this cube original and that's what had to be advertised.

It was first sold by a company named Ideal and when sales started running a bit slow, they launched a TV advertising campaign. After this, it became popular and over 100 million units were sold by the end of 1981. 

In 1981 an author named Patrick Bossert published a book that became a guide to help people solve the cube. It was titled "You Can Do The Cube" and it sold 1.5 million copies. Everyone was so eager to learn how to do the puzzle that tutorials were also on the rise.

Solving a Rubik cube
If you will learn to solve the cube you need to be patient and dedicate a number of hours to practice, read about the mechanism, learn possible movements, and more. Foto de Olav Ahrens Røtne en Unsplash

This is why cubing tutors exist today, and if you are searching for a tutor who can teach you about the parts, pieces, and mechanisms of the toy, you can search for one right here on Superprof.

By the end of the 1980s, it had become one of the most popular toys in the region.

Everyone was curious and excited, they wanted to learn how to master Rubiks' cube. Even if it seems like it has a simple design and it's not like Rubik-created art, everyone was drawn to its mechanism, technology, parts, and challenge; they wanted to resolve a popular puzzle.

The Rubik Cube started to win awards and international recognition by the end of the 1980s. It won the German Game of the Year special award and the UK Toy of the Year award.

However, the original hype of the masses for the cube started to dissipate during the late 80s and all through the 90s.

The cube through the years

A Rubik cube solved
To find the solution to the cube you need an order and a system, if you follow this order you will be able to find the solution in no time. Foto de Etienne Boulanger en Unsplash

The history of the Rubik cube is anything but linear. Even though the cube lost recognition for a while, its sales started to pick back up during the 2000s because Speed-cubing became a thing.

Speed-cubing is a sport that consists of solving puzzles at a fast speed. The most popular puzzle of speed-cubing is the three times three Rubik cube —although other puzzles are involved too.

During the first stages of the cubes' existence, everyone was obsessed with finding ways to put all the colorful pieces in their place. However, when the masses learned how to do it and books were coming out explaining it, they became bored with the toy.

Nonetheless, when a new challenge appeared, it started to regain popularity. This time the challenge was that you were competing against someone else and you had to solve the cube as fast as possible.

People's view changed and so did the image of the cube because they added a new challenge to a great game. If you could figure out how to find a solution in less time than your opponent, then you win!

Between 2001 and 2003 the sales of the cube doubled in the United States. The newspaper The Boston Globe published an article where they declared that "it is becoming cool to own a Cube again”.

Right after that, the World Cube Association was created by Ron Van Bruchem and Tyson Mao. They organized the second World Championship for solving Rubiks' cube and they had 83 participants.

This association became the first official entity to monitor and standardize cubing competitions and achievements. After this, the interest in the cube started to rise again and by 2008 the annual sales of the cube were up to 15 million worldwide.

With this increasing popularity, books, tutorials, and tutoring were on the rise again, which is why we still have tutors offering lessons on Superprof.

Platinum Rubik Cube
A great way to start is to move each piece based on the instructions your Superprof tutor gives you. Foto de Marlon Corona en Unsplash

Today, the Rubik cube is one of the best-selling toys of all time, and since its invention, there have been 350 million sales worldwide. 

There are books of theory, based on experience, tutorials, and a number of tutors around the world teaching people how to solve the most famous toy. There are even books that talk about the theory of the benefits that learning the cube has.

This is why, if you want to learn to solve the cube, you can work with a private tutor from Superprof and join this massive movement.

Other astounding numbers are:

  • On Instagram, the hashtag #rubikscube has half a million users.
  • If you google "how to solve the Rubik’s Cube" it has well over 5,960,000 results.
  • Same, if you google Rubik's cube it turns up about 17,800,000 results.
  • Tiktok is a very popular platform for cubers with 2.9B views for #rubikscube.
  • There are hundreds of cubing/twisty puzzle influencers over Youtube, Instagram, and Tiktok.
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