This question has been going around for ages: Which one should I learn first? Java or Python? Most young students aspiring to be software developers need to know the answer because it helps set a trajectory for their career.
Both of these programming languages have their significance, features, and specialties.
Therefore, without keeping you waiting for a virtual drum roll, we have gathered the essential information to help you decide which programming language to go for first.
We have covered all the right points and shed light on the right areas to quickly compare the two functional programming languages and their purpose in the IT world.
Hence, read on as we discuss the Java vs. Python debate:
Why Does One Have To Choose?
Choosing between Java and Python is like choosing between Tom or Jerry, Jimmy Fallon or Jimmy Kimmel, Batman or Superman.
The decision-making is as tough as it could get. Unfortunately, choosing between Python and Java is one of those decisions in life that you don’t want to, but you have to make.
However, fear not, we have compiled a comprehensive comparison of the two competitive computer languages.
Whenever people compare Java with Python, they mention that Java is faster than Python and Python is more secure than Java.
In this article, we will discuss a lot more than just the speed and security of the two. We will help you understand which one is better for you and your needs and requirements.
More than that, the factors involved make the language more preferable for you.
Which One Should Be For You?
To start the comparison, you must know that both languages are general-purpose and object-oriented. They are primarily used to program all sorts of application that runs on the internet.
Python was first developed in the year 2000, while Java came earlier than that. This makes Python more future-proof among the two.
However, this doesn’t make Python more advanced or better because there are numerous other factors involved.
The release date does not illustrate the efficiency and effectiveness of a programming language. The other crucial factors include:
- Machine code
All things considered, when you’re choosing what is best for you, think about what job opportunities you will have with either language and the amount of money you can make with them.
Different Frameworks: Spring And Django
Both languages have their distinguished framework. For instance, Django is the framework of Python and Java has Spring framework.
Both Django and Spring are robust frameworks with their different strong points, and both are widely used by programmers and developers all around the globe.
Since both boast a widely-used and equally robust framework, the choice between Java and Python lies entirely on the developers’ discretion.
For some people, Java is more straightforward, while some believe that Python is more effortless. However, the secret is in the amount of practice.
When you have more practice with Java, it naturally starts to feel more manageable.
On the other hand, if you have spent time working on Python, you will find it more hassle-free, making coding effortless for you.
Comparison Between Java And Python
Undoubtedly, the code written in Java takes less time to run than the code written in Python. This makes Java faster than the two. It is also faster to compile, while Python is an interpreted language.
However, this is all a misconception. Many people consider Python as an interpreted language. But it can be both interpreted and compiled. Let us elaborate on this in detail.
Despite its wide usage, most programmers misjudge Python as only an interpreted language, considering Java the faster one. However, the python code can also be converted into bytecode before running.
The code is converted into bytecode in Java, then run by the Java Virtual Machine (JVM) to produce the results. The process is pretty straightforward.
In addition to that, due to the statically typed code in Java, there is a need to define the variable type while initializing it.
In the end, Python doesn’t need you to determine the data type, and it requires only a variable name. So you can run it the same as you run Java.
Verifying variables on Python is the interpreter’s task, while in Java, type checking and other validations are up to the compiler.
In Python, code is written in a .py file and is transformed into bytecode on execution. Then, it is stored in the directory. Thus, the code’s exact location is hidden from the user, but it is always there and compiled.
Many people don’t know this, but the compilation is done in run time automatically without the need to run the bytecode.
This clears up the confusion of Python being compiled or interpreted before running. So the answer is it gets both compiled and interpreted language.
In Java, developers manually use the JVM to run the bytecode, while in Python, the code automatically gets compiled and interpreted.
So does that make Python faster? No! it doesn’t. Thanks to the JVM, Java is still the faster language as JVM works more quickly than the PVM (Python Virtual Machine). Moreover, it makes the process smooth and less time-consuming.
Is Python Easier To Learn?
One of the biggest reasons most beginners start with Python is its simpler syntax, making it less challenging to grasp.
For instance, while writing the Hello World program in Java, it needs a code of around 3-4 lines for a single statement, while on the other end, in Python, the same can be done using just 1 line.
That’s the part where Python has the upper hand. It is due to its simplicity. As a result, many aspiring developers start with Python. However, keep in mind that simplicity Is not everything, and other significant factors should be considered before going all-in with your chosen programming language.
More than that, Python types dynamically. This means there is no need to stress over data types and ranges. For example, in Java, you usually face an error when trying to store a significant value in “int.”
On the contrary, Python is stress-free in this case. You are allowed to initialize variables without any restrictions. This heavily eliminates the limits for the developers and will enable them to code freely.
In comparison, Java has more restrictions. It has a more lengthy and complex syntax. Java developers need to write more lines of code than Python developers due to the complex syntax of Java.
Is Less Writing Good Or Bad?
Lengthy writing in Java can save you from lots of unnecessary errors. For example, in Python, proper indention of the program is mandatory. Otherwise, you’d have to face lots of mistakes.
Moreover, the white spaces are to look for. That’s, while writing, you need to be more attentive, and the formatting of the program must be on point.
However, in Java, the rules are slightly relaxed. So, for example, the compiler ignores the white spaces so that developers are more flexible and accessible while writing.
Resources To Learn From
When it is about the resources to learn the language from, both the languages are equally good. Numerous books, tutorials, and articles are available in both of these languages.
More than that, you can visit online learning platforms like Superprof, StackOverflow, Github, and more. These platforms are impeccable in teaching how to code in Python, Java, and other programming languages.
Python or Java? For Game Development
Both of these languages are excellent in game development. Their frameworks are designed to help developers create extraordinary games with less effort and in less time.
However, Python being a scripting language is more effective when the goal is to develop excellent games. That’s why most developers prefer Python over Java for game development, as it is easier to script in Python.
On the other hand, Java also has viable options for game development, but Python has the upper hand in this domain. And with game development becoming a popular career in the US, Python may be the winner here.
Therefore, if you plan to program games with utmost high-quality graphics, Python is used and recommended by the experts. The python libraries and high-powered engines are excellent for game development.
However, keep in mind that it is almost impossible to create a high-quality game solely on Java or Python.
You are still required to know other programming languages as well. So if you dream of learning Python for a week or two and start developing your very first game, we are sorry to break it to you.
It is not how it goes, especially for a beginner.
Python Or Java? For Web Applications?
Web applications drive the current era. Both of these applications work fine in this department, thanks to their solid framework.
Java’s Spring is a massive framework divided into multiple modules such as security, cloud, and more. As a result, Spring is excellent in safety and is considerably fast.
On the other side, Python’s Django is also considered an excellent framework for web applications. It has a dependable speed and reliable security. In short, both languages are ties in this department.
Python And Java: Become A Professional
When we compare Python and Java side by side, we can see that Python is easier to learn, but it requires effort and patience in machine learning, data analysis, and data science.
Furthermore, Python-generated programs are slower than those of Java. However, development time is significantly less. For example, a java developer requires three to five times more time than a python developer.
Moreover, Python’s dynamic writing and built-in high-level data types are excellent for novice developers. These developers don’t have to determine argument types and variables.
Therefore, Although both languages are extraordinary and can be used to develop revolutionary programs, our suggestion to the young developers is to start with Python. It is primarily because of its easy-to-understand syntax.
Lastly, no matter which one you choose to start your software development journey, make sure you enjoy it. Programming itself is a heavily dry activity, but if you master the skill of having fun, there will be no stopping you.
Other than this, we suggest you find the right guide for your journey. Programming and software development can get the best of anyone. Therefore, it is good to have some support.
For this, Superprof is an excellent platform. With thousands of tutors, experts, and coaches with immense knowledge and diversified experience, you are bound to learn lots of crucial things about languages and programming.
The platform that connects tutors and students