An illustration of programming source code.
Computer programming careers are on the rise. To become an expert in the field, learning and polishing the skills needed for a prolific career as a computer programmer is integral. (Source: Unsplash)

Computer programmers create and verify the code that enables computers to run applications and programs.

They may be able to convert engineers' and software developers' designs into usable code. Besides, they might also expand or update the current program code and test them for flaws, identifying and fixing incorrect coding lines.

The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) states that the employment of a computer programmer in the United States would decline by 5% between 2020 and 2028, owing to the accessibility of remote employees from lower-wage countries.

As of now, programmers with a minimum of a bachelor's degree and a working grasp of the most up-to-date programming tools would be able to find profitable jobs in the field.

According to the BLS, computer programmers made an average income of $84,000 in 2018, which is much more than the average salary of a computer programmer.

In the same year, the top 10% of earnings, who often have the most incredible experience and education, earned over $135,000.

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Hard Skills That A Computer Programmer Must Possess

A person using a laptop for sourcing a programming code
Computer programmers create and verify the code that enables computers to run applications and programs. Most computer programming companies look for people who possess both soft skills and hard skills. (Source: Unsplash)

Computer programmers must develop critical hard skills to succeed in their jobs. Programming languages, in essence, are the vital abilities for programmers.

How to become a computer programmer? Knowing numerous languages is valuable for programming careers.

Languages differ in their application and usage, and programmers' job opportunities grow as their expertise grows.

Linux

Linux is an open-source operating system that is free to use. Initially designed for private computers, it currently runs on maximum numbers compared to other operating systems.

Computer programmers who are familiar with Linux have an advantage over other contenders.

Java

Java is a generalized programming language with the ability to "write once, execute anywhere." This means that Java code can execute on various devices that have Java's virtual machine.

Because of its extensive use, the Java programming language is a must-have skill for programmers.

JavaScript

JavaScript is amongst the internet's three essential technologies, alongside HTML and CSS.

Nearly every website utilizes JavaScript to facilitate interactivity, and all key web browsers have the JavaScript engine.

When operating on various web applications, computer programmers must be well-versed in JavaScript and its functionality.

C++

Originally released in 1985, it helped develop advanced languages, like Java, D, and C#.

Moreover, when creating software structures and constrained applications – such as digital servers or desktop applications – many programmers utilize C++.

Students of computer programming should study C++ as amongst their very first languages, according to experts.

Microsoft's ASP.NET

Microsoft's ASP.NET framework allows developers to create lively web pages that show altering content every time the user visits them.

Programmers can also use ASP.NET to create other vibrant web services and web applications.

Most present-day programmers learn the ASP.NET Core, a newer version of Microsoft's ASP.NET.

C#: C#

C#: C# is a multi-paradigm, general-purpose programming language.

C# was first launched in 2000 and allows computer programmers to produce dynamic applications, webpages, compilers, and development tools.

C# is amongst the fundamental languages that computer programmers should know to meet the requirements for the majority of jobs.

SQL

It is praised for being current, easy, and powerful. SQL is a programming language that maintains data in a relational management system.

SQL was created in 1974 and is still used today in apps such as Microsoft Access.

Although computer programmers might benefit from knowing and utilizing SQL, the programming language is used mainly by administration and database designers.

HTML

HTML is amongst the most widely used web development languages. HTML documents are received from the server and converted into multimedia form by Internet browsers.

Given HTML's universality, computer programmers must get familiar with the programming language before enrolling in computer science undergraduate degree.

PHP

PHP is a server programming language that allows you to build websites, intranets, social networks, and online applications.

Few programmers work exclusively with PHP, frequently integrated into the HTML code, implemented with the C+ language.

Nonetheless, its widespread use makes it a valuable second language for programmers.

Visual Basic (VB)

Visual Basic (VB) is an event-driven language that allows programs to react to human reactions, external messages, or sensor outputs.

Microsoft ceased supporting VB in 2008, but some of the software developers continue using it. While VB may be helpful in some situations, aspiring computer programmers should learn several other languages.

Others

Swift, Rust, and Ruby are some more languages that can help you improve your programming skills.

Swift is a programming language used for iOS, watchOS, macOS, and other related services that allow developers to construct and share frameworks while writing robust code.

Soft Skills That A Computer Programmer Must Possess

A girl using a computer in her room for computer programming
Computer programming has been taken up by a lot of people in the last few years. With each passing day, computer programming companies are more open to remote working possibilities. (Source: Unsplash)

Soft skills mostly come naturally to most people, allowing them to communicate and resolve their problems effectively.

Computer programmers utilize their communication skills, multi-tasking ability, creativity, decision-making, and comfort level to work independently and with teams.

Problem-solving (Identifying And Resolving Issues)

Problem-solving is one of the must-have tools in a computer programmer's toolkit, as mentioned in a 2020 post on Simple Programmer:

"A lot of developers concentrate on syntax; they concentrate on the programming language, they concentrate on learning how to "code," but they don't focus on their problem-solving skills."

Programmers are generally problem-solvers and decision-makers by nature, and amongst the essential soft skills to be successful in this field is problem-solving.

The job's entire premise is to address problems by devising solutions to the needs of various sectors. Programmers detect and fix the bugs that arise after developing codes and creating programs.

A Remarkable Memory

Your head may be a little chaotic after gazing at intricate sequences of computer code all day. This might confuse data in your headspace, causing you to forget simple tasks.

While this may appear to be innocent, it can hinder your programming development.

Multitasking is one surprising way you could be hurting your memory. While most individuals do possess some sort of capability to multitask, it is usually not beneficial for the mental space of your mind.

"People who regularly engage with numerous media types at the same time don't do well on easy memory tasks," according to a decade-long Stanford University study.

Laziness With A Purpose

This is probably the polar opposite of whatever you have heard of in your life. Some famous people, like Bill Gates, follow a simple formula: if you require a challenging task done fast and well, ask lazy people.

They claim that there is a cause for this. For example, people who tend to be lazier will most often choose the most effective approach to do a task. In this case, laziness refers to efficiency rather than inaction.

Self-Sufficiency And Self-Motivation

Self-motivation appears to be the polar opposite of passivity. But, on the other hand, these two soft talents form stability or balance that aids in addressing complex tasks and fulfilling deadlines.

In a computer programming job, deadlines are vital since they frequently mean making firms more successful and, in most cases, more cost-effective.

Programmers are frequently left alone to work on projects that are bound to finish up on their own. This allows some programmers to work remotely or part-time.

If you work from home, your work will barely be supervised, so you'll have to stay motivated and fulfill deadlines on your own.

Programming, particularly from home, may necessitate frequent updates to co-workers and clients on progress.

Moreover, you must be self-motivated and able to stick to deadlines. Self-motivation permits you to become self-sufficient and resourceful, even if you're not so active or energetic.

Persistence

It's uncommon for a program or code to work immediately on your first attempt. To get a webpage or application to run efficiently and smoothly, programmers frequently have to make many efforts and put in a lot of effort.

It's not rare for computer programmers to abandon hours of effort in favor of a fresh approach.

This is precisely why, if you wish to become a computer programmer, you should have the ability to deal with failure and continue moving forward.

Looking at a setback "as a potential challenge instead of a loss" is one way to approach it.

Errors are somewhat like complex puzzles; they can be irritating at times and may require multiple attempts.

However, once you've solved them, you'll feel a great sense of achievement and recognition.

Future Potential For Computer Programmers

Computer programmers contribute to a variety of industries by writing codes for software programs and computer applications.

These professionals operate in information technology, government service, digital companies, and medicine, with additional options of working independently or on a contract basis.

Computer programmers can network through professional and career resources to expand their prospects, especially if they lack experience.

Furthermore, programmers should also consider how location factors into their job options.

Remember, computer programming jobs have strict requirements, but computer programmers can increase their overall earnings and explore more career options by obtaining advanced education.

Computer programming professionals can communicate through various career resources to improve their prospects.

Simultaneously, programmers can also think about how their location affects their employment potential.

Learn How To Program With The Help Of An Expert

Becoming a computer programmer is a lucrative career move. This is especially true because of the demand for the position.

And if you're starting your programming journey, you would do well to get private tuition and get ahead of the competition.

For that, look out for Superprof. Superprof is a platform where teachers can find students and vice-versa.

Simply make an account, search for our preferences, and get started today! Who knows, you may be working for Google soon!

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