Almost all of the jobs of the future are related to the IT industry. In a world where milliseconds can make all the difference, technology is imperative.

Thanks to the constant advancements in information technology, we can live the lives we are today. As a result, the business has never been faster and also easier to do.

So, by using different types of software, companies can operate in ways that they have never before. Also, it is not just businesses that capitalize on it; people do too.

This advancement is purely down to the last generation of computer scientists and programmers. And these professions will also be helping usher in the next era of tech advancement.

If you’re one of the high school students interested in computer science, keep reading as we discuss all you need to know before diving in:

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The Scope Of Programming As A Professional Discipline

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, billions of people worldwide were forced to work from home. Subsequently, in a few months, our dependence on technology sky-rocketed.

In came remote learning and remote working tools. They allowed us to stay connected to our schools and offices when it became utterly illogical to do so physically.

We should thank the frontline and essential workers for getting us through the challenging period; however, we must thank programmers for allowing the rest to work too.

Operating behind the scenes, programmers not only made all of the software, but they also tested it to get rid of bugs. Perhaps most importantly, they powered through a health crisis to maintain functionality.

We often don’t give them enough credit for the work that they do. However, we also underestimate just how well these programmers do.

Based on skillset and experience, a computer programmer can earn $65,000 to $115,000 a year. This makes it an incredibly well-paying profession while also assuring career security.

It must come as no surprise that the future will be increasingly reliant on technology, making IT one of the most promising careers for the next few years.

Since there are so many different sub-fields in the IT industry, most people don’t know where to start. And these are primarily high school students who don’t get adequate career counseling.

The tools of the programming trade can all live on one single tabletop
Every programmer was once a novice, and all started somewhere. It might seem like a tall hill to climb, but programming is a career for the future. Therefore, you can learn more about computer science by researching online or hiring a tutor (Source: Unsplash)

Types of Programmers

Like any new journey, you must first prepare. High school students interested in computer science and programming must first take a peek into the vast array of areas where you could work.

There are six types of programmers:

  • Web developer
  • Computer systems engineer
  • Software engineer
  • Programmer analyst
  • Computer programmer
  • Mobile app developer

Computer Programmer

The most fundamental duties of a computer programmer are to write and review code for programs. They also troubleshoot and rectify any errors that might arise in this code.

When it comes to implementing client directives, it is the computer programmers that come to the rescue.

Working towards being a successful computer programmer requires getting a computer science degree or a degree in computer programming.

Web Developer

As a web developer, you are tasked with designing and creating websites. The complete array of responsibilities include:

  • Developing a website
  • Making sure it looks right
  • Ensuring proper functionality and maintenance

Once the website goes live, a developer must monitor its performance and check if it meets all the required standards.

Programmer Analyst

Combining the responsibilities of an analyst and a programmer, the job of a programmer analyst is to create and design computer programs.

When working together with other programmers, they will oversee and review the code writing process.

When hiring a programmer analyst, a company will want them to create specialized applications which can benefit. Apart from this, they can also provide instructions for people to use these programs.

To become a programmer analyst, you must:

  • Get an undergraduate degree in computer science
  • Know several coding and programming languages
  • Have extensive experience

Computer Systems Engineer

A computer systems engineer is required to ensure that a client’s computer system is working as it should.

These engineers can either be employees of a company directly or be part of a service that assists organizations when they need technical assistance.

A computer systems engineer also suggests improvements to an existing system to make it better. Therefore, a computer systems engineer should have a graduate or undergraduate degree in:

  • IT
  • Computer Science
  • Programming
  • Or a related field

Remember, most employers ask for over half a decade of system engineering or IT experience.

Software Developer

Being a software engineer requires you to create and design software. And because different coding languages do things differently, so there can be several types of software developers.

Software engineers can either create stand-alone applications for specialized tasks. Moreover, they can also develop systems to manage a network or devices.

The importance of the profession is accelerating at an unprecedented speed, which means that there is always something new to learn.

Furthermore, a majority of software developers have undergraduate qualifications in computer science. Additionally, if you achieve a graduate degree, you can even be considered for managerial vacancies.

Mobile App Developer

Thanks to the meteoric rise in the number of mobile devices in the last decade, mobile app programming has become one of the most popular career choices worldwide.

Being a mobile developer requires you to design, test, and maintain mobile applications. Additionally, they have no shortage of opportunities, making it the go-to profession for the future.

A screen replete with coding commands
It is no secret that programming is not easy. Every line of code and every perceived algorithm must be perfect to the T. Therefore, high school students interested in computer science should be prepared to take on a demanding field (Source: Unsplash)

Where Do You Start?

The best way to get started with your programming journey is to learn more about computer science. This is because you need to find what area is to your liking.

Once you have an idea of what you might like or could be good at, the next step is mapping out your journey to it.

As a high school student, you need to start taking all classes that can pave this path, even outside of school.

These are not to be confused with courses you can take for programming – those are entirely different.

For a future in programming, you need to know what classes will help. The most important of the bunch is mathematics alongside any computer science subjects that can help.

These are the two classes that you need to take at any cost.

Why Mathematics?

The most important aspect of coding that you should know is that it is based on arithmetic. Once you have your numbers, you build logic around them, varying from one coding language to the next.

There are different topics in mathematics, all of which contribute to programming in different ways. They are:

  • Linear Algebra
  • Calculus
  • Mathematical Induction
  • Graph Theory
  • Probability and statistics

Linear Algebra

Linear Algebra teaches you about matrices, identity matrices, vectors, transpose, linear equations, and linear equations.

Data scientists, in particular, can make good use of this because a topic like matrices plays a significant role in different machine learning problems.

Calculus

For machine learning, the objective is to optimize the cost function. For this sort of optimization, multivariate calculus is essential.

To understand this, you need to start learning calculus on a high school level so that you aren’t completely blindsided when you see it in an undergrad classroom.

Also, calculus is used when running a series of simulation-based programs where different objects interact and communicate.

Mathematical Induction

When you experience a recursion-based program, which aligns smaller programs to solve a bigger problem, you follow the same process as a mathematical induction problem.

Learning this is a vital skill for anyone aspiring to become a programmer.

Graph Theory

When you look for a location on a map, several different actions come into play. These include various theorems and algorithms along with proof of graph theory that works together.

Probability And statistics

Almost all of the machine learning is centered on probability and statistics. Therefore, a machine learning algorithm is built using an underlying probability distribution to help find data.

A floor of experienced programmers
The life of a computer programmer involves being in front of a computer screen for long periods. They must work in an environment conducive to their work if they want efficient results. It may not be a part of any computer science degree requirements, but it does make the job easier (Source: Unsplash)

What Can You Do With A Computer Science Degree?

Having read the requirements, you are allowed to be skeptical of the worth of a computer science degree. You may find yourself wondering, “what can you do with a computer science degree?”

There are a lot of different jobs you can do once you have completed your computer science degree. To name a few:

  • Data scientist
  • Software tester
  • Web developer
  • Full-stack developer
  • Engineering manager
  • User interface designer
  • Database administrator
  • Cloud computing engineer
  • Information security analyst
  • Computer science professor
  • Chief information security officer
  • Computer scientist or computer science researcher
  • Artificial intelligence and machine learning engineer

These are just a few names on a much longer list. Each of these jobs has something unique to offer to the IT industry.

In addition, with the incredibly swift rise of the information technology sector, it won’t be long before there are even more opportunities in an already plentiful sector.

If you want to start preparing for a computer science degree, there is no better way to get started than with Superprof. Superprof is the go-to tutoring platform for users worldwide.

All you have to do is sign up, plug in your preferences, and choose a computer science instructor near you!

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