A wall imbued with a quote by Donald Knuth
Computer science is among the more popular modern career choices. High school authorities have now taken measures to help make high school students interested in computer science (Source: Unsplash)

We live in the digital age, and technology encompasses every aspect of our lives. It also shows no signs of slowing down: new technology is constantly being developed, existing technology is being enhanced, and people are now required to have more technical abilities than ever before.

If you want to be a competitive job applicant, you need to improve your tech skills today. But, with so many types of technologies to choose from, where should you focus your efforts?

Is computer science a good major? Isn't it true that your chosen career will dictate the technology you'll need to understand? Let's learn more about computer science!

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Getting To Know About Computer Programming

We need to make sure we understand what programming is before treating you to some fundamental concepts.

A computer is a piece of hardware that can store and process data. Its language is binary - a sophisticated set of ones and zeroes.

Programming is the larger-scale process of creating complicated machine applications that follow our instructions.

The fundamental communication between human input and machine output is programming. It is the method by which a computer determines when and how to process data.

Front-End & Back-End

There are two camps of programmers in software development, each with its own set of tools, talents, and end-goals: front-end and back-end development.

Front-End Developer

Front-end development is concerned with what the user sees on their screen. This includes user experience design, application debugging, and code.

Therefore, this position is responsible for the overall feel, look, and design of a program or website.

Back-End Developer

Back-end development is concerned with everything that allows the front-end to function. This position is all about understanding how a website or program works, how quickly it runs, and how it interacts with databases (where data is stored).

On the other hand, Full-stack developers can do a bit of both.

What Are Programming Languages?

Now that you've gotten your bearings in the programming world let's talk about what you'll need to learn to become a programmer.

We'll start with the most fundamental aspect of programming: programming languages.

We use programming languages to speak with computers, just as we use different human languages to communicate.

A programming language is a set of rules and notations. Based on the specified rules of that language, they create instructions and implement algorithms. The text can then be converted into output by a computer.

There are numerous programming languages, each with its own set of:

  • Functions
  • Styles
  • Specializations

Without further ado, let's discuss the three most widely used programming languages.

Python

Coding is among the most in-demand skills across a wide range of businesses. Websites, software, and apps are all developed using coding.

Additionally, coding skills might help you advance in data analysis (essential for financial and business analysts), science, engineering, and arts.

Therefore, developing a rudimentary understanding of coding is a good move if you're interested in one of these jobs or if you're unsure of what industry to get into

Why Should You Learn Python?

Although Python is just one of many programming languages available, it is the most common. Moreover, it's an excellent language for novices because it's flexible and has a basic syntax.

Python undoubtedly is the fastest-rising programming language for the past 20 years. It is predicted to remain dominant in the coming years, while the other languages may become obsolete.

Additionally, it is also used and recommended by several of the most prestigious organizations globally. NASA, Facebook, Netflix, Google, Dropbox, and Instagram are among them.

Therefore, you should aim to learn Python for the following reasons:

  • Handy in a variety of professions
  • Essential in a variety of rewarding occupations
  • It's relatively easy to pick up
  • Rapidly expanding
  • At the cutting edge of significant emerging technologies
  • Recommendation from large corporations.

Start learning by searching for books and courses that cater to your requirements and are within your budget!

Java

Java is another one of the more readily-used programming languages. It's most commonly used for developing mobile applications and website back-ends; however, it's not restricted to these applications.

Why Should You Learn Java?

Java is a reasonably simple language to pick up. Moreover, its syntax (arrangement) is quite close to English, making it ideal for beginners.

Furthermore, the language is has a strong development community. As a result, you'll find plenty of advice, help, and resources on your journey towards Java fluency.

Java programmers, as per Indeed.com, are in great demand compared to programmers of other languages.

Therefore, a Java developer's average yearly pay is around $70,000, with top performers making over $100,000.

Hence, we suggest Java because it is:

  • Suitable in a variety of professions
  • Essential in a variety of rewarding occupations
  • It's relatively easy to pick up
  • In demand and well-liked
  • Fortune 500 corporations, Android applications, and other tech giants all use it

Finally, you may also participate in communities, such as Stack Overflow, to discuss ideas, ask questions, and get assistance from expert programmers as you begin to learn Java.

Customer Relationship Management (CRM)

CRM software is used to manage an organization's customer relations and connections. Most businesses nowadays employ a customer relationship management (CRM) system, which allows them to:

  • Keep client contact information up to date
  • Manage customer records
  • Analyze customer relationships

Moreover, it keeps track of transactions, service requests, client preferences, and other details. Thus, the entire history of customer's interactions and relations with the company is kept in one location.

Why Should You Learn CRM?

CRM software is also one of the fastest-rising enterprise software. According to Gartner, it is on its way to becoming the single most significant revenue sector of enterprise software investment by 2021.

Simply put, numerous organizations are investing and financing in CRM software; therefore, it's a crucial tech skill to learn.

And consequently, CRM is a must-have ability for anyone interested in business/sales or marketing analysis.

Marketing managers, sales managers, videographers, copywriters, and other creatives developing targeted marketing campaigns depend on it.

Therefore, CRM software is vital to learn because it is:

  • Almost every company uses it
  • Critical to the growth of contemporary businesses
  • Important in a variety of rewarding occupations
  • Convenient in launching your own start-up
  • Comparatively easy to understand and learn
  • Demand is expected to grow even further in the coming years

Additionally, you may take CRM courses on sites like LinkedIn and Udemy. And several notable CRM software providers offer beginner guides to customer relationship management, instructive videos, and other tutorials on YouTube.

And of these resources don't work for you, there are books that you can use to understand and learn CRM, but most of them are focused on a particular software type.

As a side note: It is integral for high school students interested in computer science to improve mathematical skills. These are part and parcel of computer studies.

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Imperative vs. Declarative Criteria

A programmer’s computer setup at home; however, most devices are obsolete now
any students now pursue a computer science degree and make a career in this profession. Any position in programming or IT is considered a secure one as the world begins relying on digital and tech resources (Source: Visual Hunt)

As mentioned, programming languages come in a variety of forms. However, in truth, every programming language follows a set of rules.

A paradigm is a logical approach that a computer will take to a problem. And this is the ideology that is followed when a language is created.

There are numerous paradigms to choose from, but they all fall into two categories: imperative or declarative.

Imperative

You tell the compiler what you want to happen to your code when you use imperative programming. The user provides the instructions, and it "listens" to these commands.

Declarative

Declarative programming entails writing code that explains what you want to happen but leaves out the details of how to get there. Instead, you specify the desired goal rather than the steps to get there.

Object-Oriented And Functional Programming

As a novice, you need to be familiar with two paradigms: Object-Oriented Programming and Functional Programming.

Object-Oriented Programming

Object-Oriented programming is a dominant imperative paradigm in the discipline. Everything is seen as an object in this paradigm, something you can interact with or change.

Functional Programming

Functional programming is a declarative paradigm for thinking about data as a collection of activities known as functions.

How Can High Schools Attract Students Towards Computer Programming?

A professor during a computer science class, teaching about computer programming
For a career in Information technology, most companies highlight their computer science degree requirements. Hence, classes are held in colleges and universities to help students learn more about computer science (Source: Unsplash)

A lot of times, computer science is defined by what it isn't. It is typically portrayed by students, professors, and administrators as a discipline dominated by people who sit behind computers, mindlessly inputting reams of incomprehensible code or geniuses who foil bank heists and killings.

Others argue that the heart of computer science education is learning office apps or creating a website.

Students will realize how learning to program can assist them in whichever profession they choose. However, they must treat computer science as a fun but necessary prerequisite.

Subsequently, teachers from all subject areas can benefit from incorporating computer science principles into their teaching.

Here are some of the best ways high schools can expose students to computer programming and make computer science exciting:

Make It Fun

One of the most common misconceptions about computer science is that it entails hours of typing in front of a computer screen.

However, it is crucial to demonstrate to students that computer science is enjoyable, rewarding, and even social.

Allow your pupils to experiment with several exercises to find which aspect of computer science they enjoy the most.

It may be good to have professional software developers in class to show kids that pursuing a computer science career can help them make a genuine difference in the world.

Introduce Coding Sessions

Students in high school can learn how to create their own websites, animations, and video games. In addition, they can learn the fundamentals of numerous programming languages or become experts in a single language through this practice.

On the other hand, understanding the underlying computer science principles and applying them to real-world issues is more important than knowing the coding language.

Robotics

High school kids learn computational thinking, pattern recognition, and algorithm creation through robotics – essential prerequisites for a STEM career.

They use these abilities to program their own robots to move, make noise, light up, and perform other tasks.

Students are also challenged to apply their imaginations and iterate on their robot designs daily, much like scientists and engineers do.

This field has culminated in Elon Musk's announcement of Tesla creating their own man-shaped robot. And the designs look like something straight out of I, Robot.

Invite Expert Guests

Students respond well to industry-leading guest lecturers, even if their teacher is the best instructor in the world.

Local universities often have services that bring specialists into the classroom to discuss the various programs of study.

As a result of these, students will not only learn about the different sorts of classes available, but they will also learn about internships and placement opportunities at these schools.

What's The Future Of Computer Science Looks Like?

As a career, computer science has excellent prospects. So, you must be thinking, what can you do with a computer science degree? Well, besides earning millions, you can also grow a lot professionally.

According to studies, the demand for computer science degree holders will continue to grow in the coming years.

Is computer science a good major? Yes, it is. And if you have a computer science career in mind, you should also try learning other tech-related skills.

For example, you can take online courses or physical classes. At Superprof, you can find yourself an experienced tutor in your area.

Superprof will give you access to industry professionals who will teach you all you want to know and even help with school work!

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