Mexico is a country filled with ancient ruins, beautiful colonial cities, historic landmarks, and attractions. The architectural art, ancient sites built by the Mayan or Aztec civilizations, and more, are what make Mexico one of the coolest places on the continent.
You have the opportunity to go to Ciudad de Mexico, Cancun, Tulum, Yucatan, the state of Oaxaca, and more. You can go on a day trip to visit the famous Pyramid of the Sun and the Pyramid of the Moon located in Teotihuacan, Mayan ruins in Yucatan, the beautiful park of Chapultepec, and many other historic landmarks throughout the Mexican country.
It can be overwhelming to pick and chose what city, historic attraction, or monuments to visit. This is why we've created this quick list of the top six most important monuments you should visit in Mexico, most of which are located in Mexico City (Ciudad de Mexico).
Continue reading and take notes of the best historic places, landmarks, and attractions where you can get a photo when you visit Mexico.
If you're not a fan of the city, Mexico also has beautiful nature you can visit. You can visit the famous beaches of Cancun or Tulum, or go to the jungle and desert-like ruins.
Keep in mind that aside from ancient buildings, statues, and attractions there's also a lot of museums to visit. There's the National Museum of Anthropology, The Frida Kahlo Museum, Soumaya Museum, Memory and Tolerance Museum, and more.
Finally, before we get started with our list, we would like to remind you that there are no best monuments and Mexico is full of amazing sites. This list is of the most famous monuments but it does not mean that these are the only ones or the best ones since that can be subjective.
If you're planning to visit the country, make sure you read our guide to traveling to Mexico.
Angel of Independence
The Angel of Independence is probably the most famous and remarkable monument in Ciudad de Mexico. It's commonly known as El Ángel or Monumento de la Independencia, is a victory column located in a roundabout in Centro de Mexico or downtown Mexico City.
This site was built in 1910 with the purpose of commemorating the centennial of the beginning of Mexico's War of Independence. This is one of the most famous and recognizable landmarks in Mexico City and it is now known as a focal point both for celebration and protest. It resembles the Columbus Circle in New York City.
Monument to the Revolution
The monument to the Revolution or Monumento a la Revolución is a landmark commemorating the Mexican revolution. The beautiful architectural design of the building makes this site one of the most known places amongst visitors.
It is located near Paseo de la Reforma, a well-known street and one of the most famous attractions in the Centro Historico of Mexico City (where El Ángel is). The building was intended to be a congressional chamber for deputies and senators but the project was not finished due to the Mexican Revolutionary War.
This landmark is considered one of the tallest triumphal arches in the world, standing 220 ft in height. The Mexican ex-president, Porfirio Díaz, appointed a French architect to design and construct the palace, a neoclassical design with "characteristic touches of the french renaissance".
Continue reading and learning about Mexico on Cities You Have to Visit in Mexico.
Monument to the Boy Heroes
The Monumento a Los Niños Héroes, known officially as Altar a la Patria ("Altar to the Homeland"), is a site commemorating the Niños Héroes, installed in an area of the Chapultepec Park, Mexico City.
Chapultepec is one of the largest parks in Latin America and visitors enjoy going around one of the largest museums, a zoo, the Castle of Chapultepec, and the beautiful nature that is all located in the park.
It is designed as a semicircle, it has six columns commemorating six cadets, a niche in each of its columns with an urn holding the remains of one of the cadets. The remains of Colonel Felipe Santiago Xicoténcatl were placed in the center of the monument below the main statue.
The monument is dedicated to the combatants against the United States invasion with the phrase: “To the Defenders of the Homeland 1846-1847”.
Monument to the Homeland
The Monumento a la Patria is a landmark created to honor the Mexicans and sculpted by hand in stone by the Colombian sculptor, Rómulo Rozo. This site is located in Merida, Yucatan.
Rozo, with the help of architects, started working on the site in 1945 and it took 11 years to get built. It represents the unity amongst Mexicans and it was built with the idea of creating something that represents the historic stepping points of the country.
The Monumento a la Patria is one of the largest in the world to be sculpted by hand and it has 300 figures sculpted by hand that represent the history of Mexico starting from the prehispanic era.
Will you travel on a budget? Learn about The Cost of Visiting Mexico.
Monumento a la Raza
The Monumento a la Raza is a 160 ft high pyramid in northern Mexico City. The monument consists of three "superimposed truncated pyramids" decorated with several sculptures on the sides and an eagle on top.
This great and beautiful site took 10 years to get built, being inaugurated in 1940 on Día de la Raza or Day of the Race (what we know as Columbus Day) and it is dedicated to la Raza —the indigenous peoples of the Americas and their descendants.
The Mother's Monument or Monumento a la Madre was created to commemorate Mexican mothers. It is located in Mexico City and it was inaugurated on May 10, 1949. The site got destroyed on September 19, 2017, after an earthquake of magnitude 7.1 on the Richter scale that shook Mexico City, and reopened on November 21, 2018.
The architectural design contains three sculptures: an indigenous man seen writing, an indigenous woman with an ear of corn —considered a symbol of fertility—, and a mother with a child in her arms.
Are you planning to travel to Mexico? Here is information on Finding Accommodations in Mexico.